Circles Still Making News in England
Talbot and Linda Moulton Howe have been doing
great work on reporting and researching crop
circles for years. Interesting developments
breaking again on the English countryside on
crop circles. Below we have a link to Linda's
reports on her website Earthfiles and also an
explanation of crop circle art and higher
mathematics as reported by
also have a startling interview with Nancy from
years ago when she describes seeing a crop
circle being formed in front of her eyes,
Wiltshire Crop Circle
Identified as Symbolic Code for First Ten Places of
|The circle is, apparently, a
coded image representing a complex mathematical
number — the first ten digits of pi — and even
astrophysicists admit they find it “mind-boggling”.
The circular pattern was created in a barley
field near Barbury Castle, an Iron Age hill fort,
earlier this month
CLICK HERE for movie information.
The Latest From BLT Research's Nancy
Talbot on 2003 Crop Circles
The July 3, 2003 formation in California
to my e-mail to Nancy Talbot about the formation pictured above, in which I
Read your report on Rense.com. We have a reference to this report on or
UFO-Files page this week as a breaking story. I also made an opinionated
comment on that page that the circles did not appear genuine based on my
unstated opinion that there were irregularities in the formation edges.
Your point on this is well taken - crop circles are not always perfect.
Although the lack of explosive cavitations in the stems would seem to indicate
human action. That is certainly what I look for in reports on formations in
terms of determining non-human activities. You are certainly the expert, not
I. My apologies. My intuitions may be confirmed by your report, but not based
upon the full data analysis that you so expertly provided. I will post a link
to your current report on this event tomorrow on our site. Also, are you
involved in researching the formation reported near Saratoga Springs, NY? Any
Web Site Producer, www.jerrypippin.com
BLT report posted on the formation pictured above on the Rense.com site is a
preliminary field report....the fieldwork was interrupted because of the huge
influx of visitors to the formation, but I'm getting reports in now, some with
photos, that indicate there may very well have been node bending in the plants
there. If anyone can produce actual plants, with controls, and/or good
photographic evidence of this node bending, it will argue for a
non-mechanically flattened event.
Node bending CAN be significant. It depends upon the age of the crop at the
time the event occurs, as well as (to some extent) the intensity of the
heating element in the causative energy system. Young crop is, of course,
vigorously growing....it also contains a lot of moisture internally. When
young crop is flattened (by any means which does not kill the plant) it will
begin to reorient itself toward the light, and in response to gravity (called
phototropism and gravitropism). In very young crop the effects of photo- and
gravitropism can be seen within 4-5 days, with the nodes bending more and more
sharply toward the sun. However, in older, much dryer crop (as was the case in
the Rockville, CA pictogram) there is not only significantly less moisture in
the plants (it is the moisture which is heated by the microwaves emitted by
the plasma, which once heated softens the plant fibers to the point where then
can no longer support the plant and it falls over....or is pushed over by the
angular force of the vortex), there is no growth still occurring. So, in older
crop, one does NOT see phototropism or gravitropism at work.....the plants
simply stay down where they were flattened.
Further, in older dryer crop the flattening process itself will break the
plant stems (which does not necessarily occur in younger, greener crop). So,
if we can demonstrate that the Rockville, CA formation DID in fact have node
bending near the base of the plants it will be a strong indication that this
formation was not man-made.
Expulsion cavities are NOT found in all "authentic" crop formations. So far
as we have been able to determine, they are a result of a fairly intense
exposure to the heating agency in the plasma system. These exposures are
different in each circle, and even in various places within one single
formation. It takes a combination of enough moisture in the plant stem and a
certain intensity of the heating agency (probably microwaves) AS WELL AS THE
DURATION of the exposure to heat. It appears that all 3 factors have to be
"just so" to produce expulsion cavities.
In many cases we will only get apical node elongation (along with
germination abnormalities and/or magnetic material in the soils), because the
intensity/duration of the heat exposure was inadequate to produce the
blown-out nodes....or there simply wasn't enough moisture in the plant
stems....Expulsion cavities are one of the best VISUAL signs that a formation
is "genuine," but it is not the only sign.
I have to wait for more info from the field.....and I'm hoping that there
is somebody out there who visited the formation early, before the hordes
descended, who either took good photos of this effect or who actually took
some samples, along with controls from elsewhere in the field. Then we could
clearly demonstrate this effect, and would have to alter out "Inconclusive"
result to a more positive statement.
Vis-a-vis the Saratoga, NY case....I've been in touch with Ray Cecot, the
fieldworker there....I've asked him for photos, samples, etc. and hope he does
manage to provide them. Randomly-downed events are prolific this year and our
research has indicated that, in many cases, this non-geometrically-downed
stuff often shows exactly the same plant/soil changes documented so thoroughly
in the geometric events over the years. In fact, the randomly downed stuff
sometimes shows the effects much more intensively than we find in the
geometric events. Cookie-cutter perfection is NOT a criterion of the "real
McCoy." It's just the criterion the public likes. In the UK and, in fact,
everywhere we've worked, we've seen massive areas of randomly-downed crop in
close association with the geometric events, or in areas where in other years
geometric events have occurred. You don't see photos of this because the
photographers don't take pictures of it....such photos don't sell of ocurse.
But it is present near large numbers of geometric events, all over the world.
Often in the same field, in some cases eventually obliterating the geometric
Also, the Brits for some reason of their own, came to the conclusion that
this cookie-cutter thing was important....I think it's a matter of esthetics.
But the data do not indicate that it is a critical factor in determining
authenticity. No study has yet been done which might allow authoritative
commentary on this....maybe, if funding allows, we can do one one of these
I hope the BLT report helped you, and others, to better understand the
scientific data which is available.....that was the reason I put that report
up. I'm thinking of doing it in whatever cases I can, simply to reiterate to
interested people these established criterion, and to encourage all of us who
are interested in these matters to apply scientifically-established criterion
and/or to approach investigation of these matters utilizing scientific
methodology. It's the only way we may eventually learn what is really going
on, I think. Although sometimes I really wonder if we will ever unravel these
incredibly complex phenomena.
Thanks for your email....for more info on the scientifically-derived data
available on the crop circle phenomenon, please check out our web-site. Also,
we will be adding a new clay-mineral crystallization study to the web-site, as
well as a lot of other information, this fall....it ought to be up by October.
Bye for now,
BLT Research Team Inc.
Nancy also reports, "I'm off to Europe on a very special
investigation......a situation in a country I've never been to before, in
which we may have evidence of a landed UFO directly related to crop
circles. I've already begun analysis of some physical artifacts recovered
from the scene, and am going myself to carry out interviews, collect more
samples, etc. If the case holds us upon real scrutiny, it's going to be a
dilly. When I get back, I'll be putting together a report on this. While
in Europe I'm also going to go to Germany and Holland and Brussels. I have
a feeling this is going to be a "banner" year for not only crop circles,
but all this other really strange stuff.
Academy-Award Nominated Filmmaker, William
Gazecki, Discusses His New Film
2001 Milk Hill, England formation
Circles: Quest For Truth"
[This article originally appeared on DogPile.com]
was on a rainy Saturday afternoon in 1992 that I went to a lecture in Santa
Monica, at the Unitarian Church. I was presented with two British gentlemen in
their mid to late 50s, who had a story to tell. It was a recounting of their
experiences and adventures, beginning in the early 1980s, involving mysterious
shapes that appeared in grain fields in the British countryside. I was
fascinated by it. I thought that what they were showing was intriguing,
beautiful, mysterious, and remarkable. The men were intelligent and educated
-- one of them was a civil engineer. They were in very pragmatic professions
and they lived in an area where Crop Circles were appearing. They heard a
noise one night, went out in the fields the next morning and thought,
"Jeez...this is really unusual."
It was very clear they were mystified. They were part of a very small group of
people, no more than ten, who had stumbled across these things in the fields
in southern England. In those days, they were just simple, round disks
indented in the crops, with details that were very impressive -- the main one
was that when the crops were green, none of the stalks were broken. Although
they were bent over and curved, they kept growing, turning back up to the sun
because the plants hadn't been harmed. They called these imprints Crop
Rarely does anyone have the chance to discover anything new. These people were
completely immersed in investigating a new discovery, something that was
unique. There was no explanation for this...and there still isn't.
I left the lecture intrigued, but I didn't follow up in any way. But, I had
the thought that this would be a wonderful project to do because it seemed to
be fun and fascinating. As time went by, I made my documentary, "WACO:
The Rules of Engagement," had a child, and life went on in its merry way.
I occasionally found myself musing at the Crop Circle poster I had purchased
at the lecture. I'd glance at it and think, "Who makes them? I wonder
what they are?" For me, it created a peaceful state. I didn't know where
they came from, I didn't know what they meant, but I felt good about them. I
found myself in bookstores gravitating towards literature on the subject.
Between the time I first heard about Crop Circles and the time I started
working on the film, I had a "wait and see" attitude. Having brushed
up against the UFO scene, with the incredible subterfuge and disinformation
out there, I wasn't really interested in getting involved in something that
carried that type of onus. That was of concern to me -- I didn't want to waste
my time and possibly end up with a stupid career move. I wasn't opposed to the
concept of extra-terrestrials visiting; I just hadn't had one land in my
backyard. So, I waited and worked on other projects.
Every once in a while, something would trickle in -- a little article, or a
radio show tidbit, or a conversation with somebody, or a segment on a TV
magazine show. I noticed that the formations themselves continued to change
from summer to summer -- to evolve and become more complex -- and that
interested me. A "wait and see" attitude asks, "How do things
change and what new information comes to light?" I was intrigued at the
thought of a new concept -- this might be an off-shoot of a "Star
Wars" technology program that the Air Force was developing, some sort of
satellite based ray-gun they were experimenting with. After I thought it
through, I realized that didn't make a lot of sense. If the government needed
to test a new form of weapons technology, they wouldn't whip up a bunch of
interest with a lot of civilians in public places -- that's not the way they
work. I waited to see if something convincing would come to light.
The formations evolved from simple circles, some with rings, to long, complex,
combinations of images. Then, a 1500-foot formation they called a
"pictogram" appeared in southern England. It made many papers, and,
that week, the area was inundated with tourists. It was like Woodstock --
there were thousands of people and it was a wild frenzy.
In those early days, there wasn't a question of whether Crop Circles were
manmade or not -- there was no discussion about "fakery." But, a few
months later, we were introduced to Doug and Dave, two elderly British men who
"came out" to the press. They were both retired -- one was a former
government civil servant and one of them had MI5 (like our CIA) affiliations.
Doug and Dave said, "We make all of them." As soon as they issued
their announcement, it was in every major publication on the planet, creating
an onus on Crop Circles that persists to this day. Now, here we have an
authentic phenomenon that had been around for a long time without hardly
breaking its way out of southern England, and, when somebody comes along to
denounce it, it goes all around the world. From my perspective as a reasonably
well-trained investigative observer and documentarian, that's an anomaly in
and of itself. I'm not saying there's a conspiracy; I'm saying that it's
something to take note of.
In learning about Crop Circles, I discovered that for ten years prior to Doug
and Dave a small group of dedicated people had been recording, measuring, and
photographing the phenomenon. I wasn't buying Doug and Dave.
Years went by, until 2000. I had been holding my "wait and see"
attitude long enough. A researcher, Patricia Murray, invited me to take a trip
to southern England. Having not been a Crop Circle devotee, I was relatively
circumspect on this trip over. But, I had known about Crop Circles for about 8
years and had seen a fair array of aerial photos, and I was basically in a
pretty good place. However, I wasn't filled with a lot of expectation based
upon study. For me, it was kind of ideal, because I had a chance to go to
England without any strong preconceptions -- it was an adventure, it was a
romp. It was not as though I had made up my mind. It was either going to be
something that was new and different or it was going to be a dud.
Patricia Murray works with Michael Glickman, a brilliant architect and
inventor. They have done a lot of work on the geometry of Crop Circles. They
are very absorbed in the phenomenon, and consider it to be virtually a sacred
situation in their lives. The three of us arrived in England, with my hi-def
camera, and drove to Michael's house. We got there on a Saturday night with a
bit of jet lag, stayed up for a little while and then went to sleep. The
nights in England are very quiet because they have no noisy crickets like we
have in Los Angeles -- having been a motion-picture sound mixer I noticed this
right away. But, about three a.m., I heard cows mooing and other farm animals
making noise somewhere nearby. I thought it was unusual in the middle of the
We got up the next morning, wanting to visit the nearest formations. We called
around and heard that one had appeared a few days earlier a mile or so away,
and another was about three miles away. We received basic bearings on them,
got in the car, and set out. We proceeded down the lane, when Michael suddenly
slammed on the brakes. We stared in disbelief. A hundred yards from Michael's
house, in the very first field, was a brand new Crop Circle. It had appeared
during the night.
There is some sort of interaction with the source of the formations, which
occurs in a very spontaneous manner. If something like this is going to
happen, it generally occurs as soon as a person is present in the environment
in England. I didn't know this at the time, but this is what happened to me.
It was hard interpret this as anything but an interaction with the phenomenon,
because of the timing and the proximity -- and it was undeniably an authentic
formation, with elements that completely defied any kind of human involvement.
We tripped out. There was this very majestic looking Crop Circle on the far
end of field. We walked down the tram lines that the farmers use for their
tractors, and went into it. It had beautiful characteristics, with an
interwoven mound in it, and it had a double layer of swirled lay. It was
unbelievable -- we were completely blown away. I mean, think about it. Here is
this amazing phenomenon, which we got to walk into and experience immediately.
Everyone is still very much disconnected from the source -- there's no
knowledge of what makes these things. Nobody knows. But we're there. We
experience real human emotions - wonder, fear and fascination. It was nothing
like looking at a photograph. And this Crop Circle, this image created in the
wheat, seemed to be created for us, for our arrival.
Although this was a relatively small formation, only 100 or so feet across, it
was unusual enough to be striking; to be profound, but not to be upsetting. I
was as moved as I could possibly be without being disturbed, deeply affected
but not upset. There is a fine line there, especially with things of this
unknown quotient. My sense of consciousness was enhanced. I felt an increased
energy in my body. It was a subtle but unmistakable impact.
I immediately thought that I must stay completely aware. There was such a
sense of gift about it, and I wanted to be attentive to the potential of each
thing that happened, particularly because I had a camera. It was my first step
in first hand learning about the Crop Circles. I felt that I should be
prepared for any magic to occur.
I felt very awe-struck and self-reflective. It wasn't like a flying saucer
landed or a ball of light came into my space, but it was just enough of a
"synchronicity" -- an unusual coincidence.
To sit in a Crop Circle is a unique experience. It's one thing to see a
photograph; it's an entirely different thing to be there. To drive down a
2-lane road and look across a gently sloping field of beautiful golden brown
wheat, and then see this image sitting there on the side of a hill -- it's
magnificent, a beautiful work of art.
I went to 8 or 9 Crop Circles while I was in England. That profound feeling
repeated. I found out more about them: that to a ballerina they become ballet,
to a biologist they become biology, to a philosopher they become philosophy.
If you're a psychologist, you learn about the psychology of the people
involved with it, or you learn about your own psychology.
To me, an interesting aspect of the phenomenon, beyond the formations and what
they contain as information, is what it's like for the people who are involved
with them. What was exhilarating to me was people sharing their experiences,
ideas, and philosophy. I think that an engaging, delightful, honest, and
convincing way to enter into the Crop Circle world is through the eyes of the
people that live with them twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Theirs
is a grand story of human drama -- not in the tragic sense, but in the
wondrous sense. The wonder of life. I think that the film will capture the awe
at Crop Circles as much as the substance of them. The core, pragmatic data is
one thing, but the wonder and fascination is another.
My total commitment to making a film came about as an offshoot of Suzanne
Taylor's interest. Suzanne has lived in Los Angeles for the last 30 years or
so. She had come from New York, where she was actress. Being involved in the
growth movement and the awakening to consciousness that was going on in the
70's, she went on to sponsor and support an array of people and projects.
There were many gatherings at her home, where she would host discussions,
salons, and forums. She gave people a place to meet, converse and cooperate
with each other. She's very much into collaborative processes and think-tank
Suzanne came to me and said she had been involved with Crop Circles for 8 or
10 years, and hoped to get a film made to let the world know about them. She
knew I'd been to England to see the circles, and asked if I would be
interested. I thought that what she was bringing to it, in terms of her
experience in dealing with people, was a natural fit and that she would be a
real asset, because I sensed that it was the people I wanted to focus on --
the human interaction.
Suzanne rented a house in Wiltshire, the area where the most Crop Circles
appear every year, where several of us lived for two and a half months. We set
up the film to replicate her California lifestyle -- a "salon"
environment. This was a missing dynamic for the "croppies," the name
by which the researchers are known. In the early years they clustered at a
particular pub, but, thanks to hoaxing having created animosities and
antipathies, there was no longer any place where people gathered to share
their views and get support from one another. We invited members of the Crop
Circle community for regular meetings -- we said, "Come on over, let's
sit and chat." I shot in cinema-verite -- a hand-held, you-are-there
style, that's very unobtrusive and non-invasive. I wanted to get everybody in
the most natural, uninhibited way that I possibly could. In that regard, I
think it worked out very well -- extraordinary conversations came out of the
times when croppies got together and talked spontaneously. That's when the
sparks really flew.
Once you get past the bullshit that the public hears about Crop Circles, and
you're actually there, spending time with people who have been close to this
phenomenon for a long time, who are comfortable with it and know the entire
topography of the experience, you realize that it's a completely authentic
phenomenon -- that's not even an issue. And, one of the most striking things
is the level of appreciation that people have for it -- their respect and
their fascination. It really is unusual to find people so passionate about
I was delighted when I finally got home. Anytime you go on a vacation, things
feel fresh and refreshed -- I felt exceptionally balanced and grounded, on an
even keel, optimistic, and in high spirits. Even though I shot 37 days
straight, I felt peaceful and happy. In fact, the longer people are involved
in the Crop Circle scene and study it, they seem to become ever more
well-balanced. It was the opposite of a cult environment, where the more you
get into it the more isolated you become from the rest of the world. People
involved with Crop Circles tend to become more worldly, more connected to
their environment, and more socially well adjusted.
In England, I obtained a copy of a video that had been shot in 1996, showing
an empty wheat field and 4 traveling luminescent points of light circling over
it. A crop formation suddenly goes down below these swirling lights -- in
perhaps 4 seconds. The balls of light then fly away. Some people have debunked
this footage, insisting its doctored. The guy who shot it got hassled and
disappeared. But, he didn't gain anything from making the tape -- he never
tried to sell it, never tried to offer it to the media -- it seems he was just
excited that he had it. Its genuineness is a major subject of debate, as many
things are in the Crop Circle world. I happen to think that it's real. I look
at it from a technical point of view, as somebody who understands what it
takes to do video-based computer animation, and I don't believe it's a fake.
There is a litany of anomalous things that occur in and around the formations.
There always has been a conflict when science and scientific institutions run
up against anomalous realities -- go back to Copernicus and Galileo -- and
that relates directly to this ongoing controversy. How do we assimilate the
Spirit is about purpose; science is about measure. In this, however, you have
both -- you have serious science in the mathematics and in the biological
analysis, but then you also have this spiritual element and psychic dimension.
The tendency is to gravitate towards or hide behind academic thinking for
credibility's sake, and not to take risks that involve the unknown. In making
controversial films, I sometimes walk a very fine line, and my documentary,
"WACO: The Rules Of Engagement," demonstrates that. Believing in
Crop Circles is a risk. But, one has to be willing to accept the adventurous
idea. Without that, Columbus never would have made it to America.
Human Circle making is no small feat, especially if done covertly, in the
dark. There are about a dozen guys, all British, who claim they're Circle
makers. Some call themselves artists. A few of these blokes are obnoxious,
intimidating mindfuckers. They are intentionally deceptive, and interject
confusion in the community engaged in researching the phenomenon. These people
reek of disinformation and counter-intelligence. If they actually make more
than 10 or 15 of the 75-150 Crop Circles that appear each year in England, I'd
be very surprised. However, they are unusually dedicated, have consistent
media contact, and seem to live without scarcity of resources. There is no
indication of where they get their financing.
There have only been a handful of TV reports done over the years on Crop
Circles. Most have been segments in investigative series, produced in typical
cable TV fashion -- subcontracted production companies who grab the most
readily available material, looking for the most provocative story. They
frequently show night-vision footage of circles being made by people, but
actually turn lights on to do most of the actual work in laying the
formations. Saying they all are manmade hoaxes wraps everything up quite
neatly, with human Circle makers always being the first in line when the media
comes calling. This is not too surprising considering that the level-headed,
intelligent, educated folks who earnestly study and document the phenomenon
are generally oblivious to the media.
After some 20 years of close observation, with nobody still knowing where Crop
Circles come from or how or why they appear, everyone has lots to say in the
way of speculation. That makes for a lively and stimulating social milieu,
which my film will show. "Crop Circles: Quest For Truth," will be
released during the summer of 2002. I hope the people who see the film will
realize that there is a significant phenomenon. It is not a trivial series of
events; these are very major occurrences. A formation the size of two football
fields, which appears in seconds, with no known origin, that communicates some
number of sophisticated concepts about how our universe is constructed,
indicates to me something is worth paying attention to.
I hope that the film is the beginning of a process of closely looking at the
data and keenly discussing it -- not enough people with high credibility and
visibility are yet a part of the investigation, and there should be more
academic involvement and scholastic presence. And, I hope moviegoers will
leave my film curious, interested in more about the universe we inhabit, and
thrilled with what they have discovered.
For more information, please contact Larry Shulman, V.P. Publicity &
Marketing, OpenEdge Media, Inc. (310) 586-1800 or visit our website at www.openedge.org.
One of the latest and most controversial circle
produced in August 2002 in Crabwood, England.
This image seems to say HELLO, in case you haven't figured out who is producing
crop circles. The disc the ET is holding appears to contain a coded message in
digital form, much like we would produce a CD or DVD disc. Maybe someone should
try to decode this (Ed).
Latest Crop Circle of the Slow English 2002 Season
is a Whopper
Located adjacent to 3000 year old burial mounds and
by Stuart Dike
The Crop Circle Connector
The circle shown in the above photos is the second largest formation to
appear in the world, second only to the 409 circles
formation at Milk Hill last year. This one is 750ft in
diameter and stretches across 11 tramlines (that's tracker
lines in the field that the farmer uses for spraying and harvesting).
It was created on 7/4/02.
It appeared around several ancient burial mounds, dating back to our
Age some 3000 years ago. The fields is only a few fields
away from the famous 1996 formation, and is within
spitting distance on Stonehenge, which can be seen from the top
of the burial mounds. The formation is quite exquisite with very neat
floor patterns inside. It is basically the blossoming formation of the
1999 Hackpen Hill formation that appeared near Avebury three years ago.
There is defiantly a link with these two formations.
This area is not without its UFO sightings, as one fo the family members
witnessed a UFO only a few fields away from this formation, not
in connection with it, but once again we seem to have a
link with other phenomena in the same vicinity.
For information on current scientific research being performed on Crop Circle
formations, see Nancy Talbott's BLT Research, Inc. web site: www.bltresearch.com
What do the crop circles mean and who is producing them?
here for an interesting interpretation by Tom Sutter.
Example of Current Media Coverage of Crop
Circles (not bad).
Crop circles, the shapes within a farm crop created by flattened plants, have
been reported in Iowa, one as recently as last year near Iowa City.
Interest in the phenomenon has been heightened by the newly released movie,
"Signs," starring Mel Gibson as a farmer who finds an elaborate design
in his field.
The movie puts its own spin on alien forces creating crop circles, but
real-life theories are just as intriguing.
Plasma forces, vandals stepping on boards or some other unidentified natural
phenomenon - and yes, even aliens - are ideas batted around by cerealogists, or
those who study crop circles.
"The bottom-line explanation is, they are an anomaly," said Beverly
Trout of Mitchellville. She is the Iowa director of the Mutual UFO Network, a
worldwide nonprofit organization of volunteers who investigate suspected crop
Mufon members - 3,000 worldwide, 32 in Iowa - also look into UFO sightings,
animal mutilations and suspected landing traces.
Trout does believe in aliens, but she stops just short of saying aliens
create crop circles.
"We need to look at crop formations for what they are, rather than what
we'd like them to be," she emphasizes.
Trout prefers to approach formations as scientifically as possible.
She and other Mufon members look for obvious signs of a hoax by examining the
area for footprints or tire marks and checking for broken plant stalks or stems.
They take measurements, record observations and gather several plant and soil
samples within and outside the formation. The samples are sent to a lab for
Trout said Mufon members are meticulous about checking crop circles because
the last thing they want is to be scammed.
It's the scams that have received the most publicity, especially in England,
where two men first claimed to be creators of crop designs.
A few years ago, they showed the media how they attached a rope handle to a
wide board to make the circles. Holding onto the rope and putting their feet
alternately on the board, they flattened stalks as they walked in a spiral.
This also was the method for making the crop circles for "Signs."
Trout speculates that authentic crop circles have been around for hundreds of
years all over the world, but only in the last few years have people begun to
report them - perhaps because of the attention generated by hoaxes.
One source said about 200 crop circles are reported annually around the
world. Colin Andrews, a scientific consultant for the current movie, claims 80
percent of circles are hoaxes.
"He has absolutely no way of knowing that," said Nancy Talbott,
president of BLT Research Team Inc., which tests the plants and soil from crop
"You'd have to sample them all to know that," she said, "and
it's never happened."
Talbott, who lives in Cambridge, Mass., has a grant from Laurance Rockefeller
for work on crop circles. She said she has stopped sampling in England because
of the large number of hoaxes there.
"We're interested in phenomena, not hoaxes," she explained.
Her network of scientists - which until recently included Michigan
biophysicist William C. Levengood, the "L" in BLT - has analyzed crop
circles in Holland, Germany, Israel, Australia, Canada and the United States, as
well as England, for the last decade.
While the majority of formations appear in cereal crops such as rye, oats,
barley and wheat, they also have been discovered in vegetables, soybeans,
carrots, rape (canola), corn, reeds, grass and others.
The crop circles reported in Iowa tend to be simpler than the elaborate
designs seen abroad.
In August 1995, a teardrop-shaped formation was found in a cornfield near
Arlington, Ia. It measured about 11 feet in diameter and was unusual because the
cornstalks were all pressed into the ground toward the center. None were broken.
In 1996, farmer Brett Anderson was harvesting a soybean field southwest of
Nevada when he encountered an area of flattened beans. Two weeks later, he found
another formation in a cornfield.
Last year, Ed Williams was combining his wheat near Iowa City when he
discovered a circle there.
The formation in Anderson's soybean field was slightly ovoid, about 30 feet
in diameter and surrounded by a 31/2-foot-wide ring. The beans were flattened in
a counterclockwise swirl, tightly twisted in the center. The seeds were intact
within the pods.
Anderson, now 44, said he was impressed that the plant stems were not broken.
"Normally when they're ready for harvest, they're dry and they
break," he said. "They don't bend."
A scientist observed the roots were bent in the opposite direction from the
plant stem, Anderson said.
Two weeks later, a teardrop-shaped formation was discovered in Anderson's
cornfield. It was 35 feet at the widest point. Stalks were swirled
Two more teardrop-shaped formations were found in hayfields on adjoining
The following year, Anderson was baffled by something else that happened
during the harvest.
Soybeans planted where the corn had been the year before were green where the
crop circle had been, and the seedpods were not mature. The rest of the crop was
"What was amazing is that the stems had twice the nodules. They should
have taken more nitrogen - nutrients - from the soil, but these plants were
stunted," Anderson said.
In Iowa City, Williams thought at first that a weather phenomenon caused his
wheat to lie clockwise in a circle within a ring about 60 feet in diameter.
He called his brother, an airline pilot, and they talked about microbursts,
or strong winds that occasionally down planes.
A climatologist told Williams the configuration was too large for that.
Two agronomists from Iowa State University drove over to look at the
formation. One of them, Dr. Stan Henning, dismissed it as man-made.
No tracks showed up, he said, because it was dry. Someone could have walked
in the tracks - called tramlines - made by Williams' tractor when he sprayed the
field a few weeks earlier.
"It looked more like something more mechanical than the wind,"
Henning said. He also found weeds in the circle that looked to him as if a board
had scraped over them.
Williams, now 54, wasn't convinced. He was puzzled by the intricate
herringbone weaving of the straw within the circle. Besides, he said, "it
wasn't a perfect circle. It was flattened at one point. If someone had done that
with a rope, I would have thought it would be better than that."
Trout said by the time Williams called Mufon, the Iowa City field was too
degraded for her to determine whether it was a hoax.
Crop circles that are not confirmed hoaxes demonstrate similar
characteristics after testing, Talbott said.
If plants are young at the time an unexplained crop circle forms, there is
interference with the reproduction qualities of the plant, she said. If they are
mature, the seeds weigh less but grow larger, even up to seven days without
light or water.
There is evidence that the plants have been exposed to a complex energy
system, similar to a microwave, because only the moisture inside the plants was
affected, and the plants were not burned. Also, in the unexplained crop circles,
nodes on plant stems closer to the center of the circle are longer than those
toward the outside of the circle, another indication of microwave energy.
Biophysicist Levengood also has discovered the presence of tiny, nearly pure
spheres of iron in the soil where crop circles occur. He theorized a magnetic
field draws particles in, heats them to a molten state and disperses them in a
rotating fashion in the formation.
"We've done studies after flattening the crops ourselves, and none of
the plant aberrations and magnetic material stuff occurs," Talbott said.
"The pranks-with-planks bit is not what's going on."
What BLT scientists have found points to some sort of plasma, or energy
system, Talbott said.
"The real question is: Is it spontaneously generated, or is it
manufactured?" she asked.
Her theory of a plasma hitting earth - something similar to a lightning
strike - might explain why some Iowans claimed they witnessed bright white
lights in tubular shapes over the farm fields where the crop circles were later
Anderson, the Nevada farmer, has his own notion of unexplained crop circles.
"My theory is that either there's a lot of science yet to be discovered
or we do have visitors from outer space."
Crop circle found near
Forest Grove, Oregon
GROVE - Is it a genuine scientific phenomenon, or simply a hoax?
Jet Ranger 2 spotted this crop circle while flying over Forest Grove Tuesday
afternoon. The formation was left in a field off of Watercrest Rd.
Upon further investigation KATU News learned that three teenagers constructed
the crop circle by laying down a board and bending the grain in the form of a
circle. Those responsible say using a rope is also a successful way to do it.
Upon further investigation by KATU News and OUFOR investigator Phil
Simmons who were on the scene, three teenagers were reported to have constructed
the crop circle by laying down a board and bending the grain in the form of a
circle. A local 17 year old came forward with the information on the road while
channel 2 and OUFOR were there. He refuses to identify who or how (though he
mentioned the use of a rope), and was adamant that this was a multiple day
"project". Investigator Simmons talked to some of the surrounding
neighbors but found no one else who saw this formation being created over the
three day period that the boy claims.
While on the surface this does appear to be a hoax, OUFOR is going back to
the site on Sunday July 14th to try and find and talk to the only witness who
has come forward in hopes of talking with the ones who actually are supposed to
have done it. A decision will be made at that time whether to take samples for
analysis at BLT Research. We will update this case here if we learn anything
July 11th update...OUFOR was contacted by "Inside Edition"
television show. They visited the site on the 10th and spoke with the owner of
the field who was also adamant that the story revealed by the passing teenager
as was seen on KATU channel 2 news could not have been accurate. The story the
youth told consisted of a job that took more than one day to complete...the
owner says this is impossible as he would have noticed. We hope to have
testimony from him by the end of the weekend as well and will discuss the
findings on Sunday night at 10:00 p.m. on the Clyde Lewis Ground Zero radio show
at KOTK Hot Talk 1080.
Eric Byler - Assistant Director, Oregon UFO Research.